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Abstract

This paper focuses on the identification of some plant accumulators of heavy metals that can facilitate mine remediation and rehabilitation in the Philippines and metal recovery or phytomining. Most of these hyperaccumulators are ferns that thrive very well in different terrains and of particular interest are Pityrogramma calomelanos, Pteris vittata, and Pteris melanocaulon that are abundant in abandoned CueAu mining areas. The amounts of Cu and As in the soil and in the aboveground (AG) and belowground (BG) components of the accumulator ferns were determined and the Bioaccumulation Factor (BF) and the Translocation Factor (TF) were derived. Efforts to propagate the accumulator ferns identified from spores were successful, thus providing the opportunity of using them for various experiments on mine rehabilitation and metal recovery. The results of these experiments indicated that these hyperaccumulator ferns have the greatest potential for the remediation of metal contaminated soils, the rehabilitation of abandoned mines, and phytomining.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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